Architects and engineers provide very essential services to the construction industry, contributing to the creation of contemporary buildings and complex infrastructure projects. Whereas architects are responsible for the design and planning of structures ranging from houses and factories to skyscrapers and museums, civil engineers oversee the entire design-to-completion process for buildings, bridges, water systems, roads, dams, and other major works.
The job rate for architecture are expected to raised at 8% between 2018 and 2028, faster than the average growth rate of 5% projected for all occupations, according to the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS). It shows that increased demand for architects is being driven by increases in the construction of homes, offices, stores, schools, hospitals, and other buildings. These professionals typically work for architectural and engineering firms or on their own as independent projects. The job duties of architects includes sophisticated software programs to create detailed building plans. They may also submit job proposals and conduct pre-design reporting such as feasibility , site selection studies and other material . Architects meet with clients and engineers during design phases to make sure facility objectives are met from there end. They are available to clients while the construction process is going on, and often visit building sites to make sure all design, material, and schedule requirements are followed.
Important skills :
Design Skills : Architects are basically designers, and their art form is the structure of a building. Design skills are nothing but the skill that each architect develops on their own, using hand-drawing and computer-design skills.
Advanced Mathematics : As a building designer, its necessary to know advanced mathematics for calculating not only the stress, strain, and weight-bearing information but also the aesthetic details of a building’s style.
Communication : Architects need to understand their clients every small needs, provide updates regarding plan design and construction, and provide clear direction to employees and construction crews.
Civil engineering jobs have a projected job growth outlook of 6% by 2028, sated by BLS. As vast growth in populations there is a huge demand for new roads, bridges, airports, utility projects, and other essential structures. According to BLS reports the civil engineers earned a median salary of $87,060 per year in 2019. In the project planning stages, civil engineers conduct surveys, analyze construction sites and materials, and evaluate costs, regulations, and risks related to a project. Mostly they use complex design programs to plan structures and systems. Once construction starts, they monitor worksite processes to ensure structural safety and solve problems as they arise. Civil engineers specifically work for engineering firms and state and local governments.
Technical Skills : Civil engineers must have an understanding of physics as well as mathematics, also the ability to use specialized design software. Mostly computer-aided design (CAD) suites and building design software are necessities for a civil engineer. Additionally, proficiency with scheduling software is a must for perfect design skill.
Communication: Civil engineers will interact with clients to figure out their needs and accordingly pass that information on to construction teams.
Project Management: Project management usually includes scheduling, material listing, and logistics tracking. Engineers also monitor regulations and building standards and must be able to solve any site challenges if any occurs.